1.6.1 Type 1: Discovery
This is a specialist-type implementation of systems engineering in the form of (large) groups of “systems engineers” performing primarily systems analysis. This kind of systems engineering was one of the first recognized kind types. Several cases are very well characterized in (Hughes 1998), which describes the SAGE computer project, Intercontinental Ballistic Missile development, the Boston Central Artery/Tunnel project, and Arpanet/Internet.  Air traffic control is another example. In this type of implementation, the problem space is incredibly complex. Modeling the problem space, and really understanding it, is most of the goal in Discovery implementations.