1.6.2 Type 2: Program Systems Engineering
The Defense Systems Management Guide (DSMC 1990) describes a generalist type of systems engineering in a way that sounds a lot like program management.  A check of recent INCOSE proceedings books showed about two thirds of the papers were talking about Program  Systems Engineering. In this implementation, specific people are designated “the systems engineers” and made responsible for the top- level design of the system, including system budgets, for specification of the pieces, and for coordinating the build and integration of the pieces.  Large programs using Program Systems Engineering tend to designate a group of people as “systems engineers,” while smaller programs often call out a “chief engineer” or a sole “systems engineer.”